Original Research - Special Collection: Framing and modelling disaster risk

Alternatives for sustained disaster risk reduction: A re-assessment

Loic Le De, Louise L. Baumann, Annabelle Moatty, Virginie Le Masson, Faten Kikano, Mahmood Fayazi, Manuela Fernandez, Isabella Tomassi, Jake Rom D. Cadag
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 15, No 1 | a1487 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v15i1.1487 | © 2023 Loic Le De, Louise L. Baumann, Annabelle Moatty, Virginie Le Masson, Faten Kikano, Mahmood Fayazi, Manuela Fernandez, Isabella Tomassi, Jake Rom D. Cadag | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 16 February 2023 | Published: 26 July 2023

About the author(s)

Loic Le De, School of Public Health and Interdisciplinary Studies, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
Louise L. Baumann, School of Environment, Faculty of Science, Waipapa Taumata Rau University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Annabelle Moatty, Department of Sismology, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris - IPGP, Université Paris Cité, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS, Paris, France
Virginie Le Masson, Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Faten Kikano, Centre d’étude en responsabilité sociale et écocitoyenneté (CÉRSÉ), Collège de Rosemont, Montreal, Canada; and, Architecture Sans Frontières International, Paris, France
Mahmood Fayazi, Centre RISC, Institution: Collège Notre-Dame-de-Foy, Québec, Canada; and, École d’Architecture, Aménagement, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
Manuela Fernandez, Conicet National Scientific and Technical Research Council, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina; and, INTA - National Institute of Agricultural Technology, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina
Isabella Tomassi, Géographie, UFR Temps et Territoires, EVS, Université Lumières Lyon 2, Lyon, France
Jake Rom D. Cadag, Department of Geography, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Abstract

Alternatives for sustained disaster risk reduction’ was published in 2010 by Francophone and Anglophone researchers as a critique on the way disasters were studied and disaster risk reduction handled in the Francophone sphere. The authors criticized the dominant Francophone approach for being heavily hazard-centred and called for more emphasis on vulnerability to understand disasters and foster disaster risk reduction – a shift that had already taken place in the Anglophone disaster literature. Twelve years later, this paper draws upon a bibliographic analysis to examine if the arguments developed in the 2010 publication have stem attention in the Francophone disaster literature.

Contribution: The article finds that the shift towards the vulnerability paradigm has, to some extent, happened but took much longer in the French context than in the Spanish language and the Asian disaster literature. The article emphasises the need for a re-assessment of our practices and study of disasters, including reflections on what disasters are studied, how, by whom, and for whom. Eventually, alternatives for sustained disaster risk reduction now and in the future might include drawing upon more diverse ontologies and epistemologies that are pertinent locally, considering local people as co-researchers though participatory methods, and empowering local Francophone researchers to play a greater role in researching disasters and leading disaster risk reduction in their own localities.


Keywords

disaster risk reduction; vulnerability; paradigm; Francophone; disaster studies.

Metrics

Total abstract views: 1700
Total article views: 1684

 

Crossref Citations

1. Problems and promises of postmodernism in (re)liberating disaster studies
Jake Rom Cadag
Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal  vol: 33  issue: 3  first page: 167  year: 2024  
doi: 10.1108/DPM-06-2023-0153