Original Research

Participatory capacities and vulnerabilities assessment: Towards the realisation of community-based early warning system for deep-seated landslides

Brian A.L. Gumiran, Fatima M. Moncada, Harianne J. Gasmen, Nathalie R. Boyles-Panting, Renato U. Solidum
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 11, No 1 | a555 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v11i1.555 | © 2019 Brian A.L. Gumiran, Fatima M. Moncada, Harianne J. Gasmen, Nathalie R. Boyles-Panting, Renato U. Solidum | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 October 2017 | Published: 16 April 2019

About the author(s)

Brian A.L. Gumiran, Department of Science and Technology, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Quezon City, Philippines
Fatima M. Moncada, Department of Science and Technology, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Quezon City, Philippines
Harianne J. Gasmen, Department of Science and Technology, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Quezon City, Philippines
Nathalie R. Boyles-Panting, Department of Science and Technology, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Quezon City, Philippines
Renato U. Solidum, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change, Department of Science and Technology, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Quezon City, Philippines


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Abstract

Existing frameworks of community-based early warning systems (CBEWS) lack focus on its actual implementation. Furthermore, they do not describe how a top-down early warning system (EWS) can be transformed into a CBEWS. Hence, to support the establishment of a community-based early warning system for deep-seated landslides (CBEWS-L), this study aimed to assess the capacities and vulnerabilities of five barangays in the Philippines. The CBEWS-L to be established is envisioned to be information and communication technology (ICT)-based. An ICT4D perspective was therefore taken in conducting this participatory study. Stakeholder mapping, focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used to gather data. Validation was also done through triangulation and post-analysis consultations. The results showed that there are varying sets of capacities and vulnerabilities existing in each community. Moreover, ICT capacities are lacking and are outnumbered by vulnerabilities. Yet, site-specific action points to enhance capacities and resolve vulnerabilities were determined. Still, overall strategies were not uncovered. Furthermore, compounding the capacities and vulnerabilities in each site are indirect factors which, if examined thoroughly, may lead to more complex socio-political issues. It is therefore recommended that in establishing a CBEWS, a comprehensive community risk assessment is first conducted to exhaust all possible action points that can be used in formulating site-specific strategies. Moreover, development of technological solutions must be modular to allow flexibility in accommodating complex community capacities and vulnerabilities.

Keywords

Early warning systems; community risk assessment; participatory research; information and communication technology or development; community-based disaster risk reduction and management

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