Original Research

Here comes the water: Risk assessments, observation and knowledge of Ompundja village

Loide Shaamhula, Gert van Rooy
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 11, No 1 | a507 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v11i1.507 | © 2019 Loide Shaamhula, Gert Van Rooy | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 June 2017 | Published: 10 January 2019

About the author(s)

Loide Shaamhula, School of Military Science, University of Namibia, Namibia
Gert van Rooy, Multidisciplinary Research Centre, University of Namibia, Namibia


Floods in Namibia are more pronounced than drought or any other natural disaster. Ompundja village in northern central Namibia has experienced severe flooding over the last decade since the village is a catchment area of water from two distinct sources, that is, the Cuvelai system and the Efundja. Data were collected from households based on an action learning cycle. The cycle starts from context, observation, knowledge and action. A questionnaire based on 14 indicators of the action learning cycle was used to collect the needed information. Answers were recorded on a scale of 1–5, with 1 = not at all and 5 = comprehensively. In terms of the scoring, results indicate that disasters are a common phenomenon in this area. The main contributing factor is not so much of high levels of rainfall but water from the flooding basin. The flooding basin in this regard is mostly the catchment area of water from the two distinct sources, that is, Cuvelai system and the Efundja. In addition, the village also gets flooded because of the poor strategic planning and the lack of resources that would enhance fundamental changes in the livelihood of the local community. For the community to tackle disaster issues, their average score was 3.325. In terms of observation, they scored 3.667. For their involvement in risk assessments, for knowledge (traditional) and for disaster management, the score was 3.25. The same score (3.25) was observed for action and disaster mitigation as well. Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that communities struggle to deal with floods whenever they occur. They experience difficulties in obtaining resources as in most cases disaster is mostly viewed as a top-down approach. Communities cannot make their own decisions and in most cases traditional knowledge is discarded. Thus, it is recommended that traditional knowledge should be explored extensively in order for the community to become self-reliant.


Ompundja village; North Central Namibia; risk reduction; community resilience; capacities; resilience


Total abstract views: 2157
Total article views: 2685

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.