Original Research - Special Collection: Framing and modelling disaster risk

The dialectics of disaster: Considerations on hazards and vulnerability in the age of climate breakdown, with a brief case study of Khuzestan

Andreas Malm
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 15, No 1 | a1588 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v15i1.1588 | © 2023 Andreas Malm | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 August 2023 | Published: 26 December 2023

About the author(s)

Andreas Malm, Human Ecology Division, Lund University, Lund, Sweden


In a historical moment inundated by disasters, understanding and conceptualising the phenomenon is a matter of some importance. No framework for doing so has been more productive than that developed by Wisner and his colleagues. But their so-called ‘Progression of Vulnerability’ (pressure and release [PAR] model) framework was conceived before the onset of the climate crisis. And that crisis, as the saying goes, changes everything.

Contribution: What follows is an immanent critique of the framework, with an eye towards shifting some of its parameters in order to account for the process of climate breakdown now multiplying disasters across the globe.


dialectics; vulnerability; coastline; Marxism; climate breakdown


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