Original Research

Environmental risk management: A participatory diagnosis from a rural school in Colombia

Carolina Moncayo, Christian Benitez, Víctor Quintero, Carolina González, Jorge Muñoz, Claudia Hernandez, Manuel Benavides
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 15, No 1 | a1510 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v15i1.1510 | © 2023 Carolina Moncayo, Christian Benitez, Víctor Quintero, Carolina González, Jorge Muñoz, Claudia Hernandez, Manuel Benavides | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 April 2023 | Published: 27 November 2023

About the author(s)

Carolina Moncayo, Department of Social Communication, School of Law, Political and Social Sciences, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia
Christian Benitez, Department of Social Communication, School of Law, Political and Social Sciences, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia
Víctor Quintero, Wireless and Radio Research Group, Department of Telecommunications, School of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia
Carolina González, Computational Intelligence Research Group, School of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia
Jorge Muñoz, Computational Intelligence Research Group, School of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia
Claudia Hernandez, Wireless and Radio Research Group, Department of Telecommunications, School of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia
Manuel Benavides, Wireless and Radio Research Group, Department of Telecommunications, School of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia

Abstract

The rural population is potentially exposed to several environmental risks. Environmental risk management is a recurring challenge in rural educational communities that are far from large urban areas. Assessing and identifying the knowledge on prevention and response to environmental risks and natural disasters is fundamental for planning and designing educational programs for communities to face disasters. This article presented the practical application of a participatory methodology to obtain information about the knowledge and experience in the prevention and attention of environmental threats and natural disasters in the rural school Las Huacas, village of Quintana, municipality of Popayán, in the region of Cauca, Colombia. The diagnosis methodology consisted of three phases: preparatory, fieldwork and analytical. The participatory diagnosis allowed the construction of instruments and tools for social interaction, the conduction of dynamic workshops and the systematisation of the collected information. The results evidenced the lack of knowledge on environmental disasters and how parents and children must face them. The absence of communication facilities implied a high degree of vulnerability, which was compensated with the awareness, commitment and participation in the processes led by the educational community. The next challenge is the participatory construction of a scholar environmental risk-management plan supported on appropriated information and communication technologies.

Contribution: This article presents the practical application of a participatory methodology to obtain information about the rural context and the knowledge and experience in the prevention and attention of environmental threats and natural disasters in a rural school in Cauca, Colombia.


Keywords

environmental risk management; participatory diagnosis; rural school; prevention of environmental risk; communication processes

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