Original Research

Integration of knowledge and local wisdom for disaster resilience in Anak Krakatau volcano

Azhar Firdaus, Fatma Lestari, Suraya A. Afiff, Herdis Herdiansyah
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 15, No 1 | a1457 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v15i1.1457 | © 2023 Azhar Firdaus, Fatma Lestari, Suraya A. Afiff, Herdis Herdiansyah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 December 2022 | Published: 28 June 2023

About the author(s)

Azhar Firdaus, School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
Fatma Lestari, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok; and, Disaster Risk Reduction Centre, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Suraya A. Afiff, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Herdis Herdiansyah, School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Indonesia lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire, where most of the area is highly unstable, making it a site of numerous volcanoes and earthquakes, so it needs to enhance its social system through knowledge, awareness, and local wisdom to create disaster resilience. Previous research has discussed resilience through societal knowledge and awareness, but there is a gap in understanding the local wisdom. Therefore, this study aims to present how the resilience process concerns with the community based on the local wisdom and knowledge for the community in Anak Krakatau, Banten. This research employs observations on the conditions of facilities and infrastructure of access road, in-depth interviews with local people, and bibliometric review over the last 17 years. A total of 16 articles were selected and reviewed for this study, after comprehensive analysis from 2000 documents. It is stated that preparing for natural hazards requires the integration of knowledge and local knowledge. Prior to the occurrence of a natural calamity, knowledge is dependent on the structure of a home in order to create a resilient structure, while local lore relies on the omens of nature.

Contribution: The integration of knowledge and local wisdom can fulfil the resilience process in terms of preparedness and after effect of natural hazards. These integrations must be evaluated for disaster mitigation policies in order to develop and implement a comprehensive disaster mitigation plan for the community.


Keywords

disaster resilience; knowledge; local wisdom; Anak Krakatau volcano; tsunami.

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Crossref Citations

1. A systematic literature review about local wisdom and sustainability: Contribution and recommendation to science education
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doi: 10.29333/ejmste/14152