Original Research

Determinants of health volunteer training in natural hazard management in Iran

Fereshteh F. Amini, Alireza A. Hidarnia, Fazlollah F. Ghofranipour, Mohammad Esmaiel Motlagh, Abdul Majid RahPima, Navvab Shamspour
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 15, No 1 | a1384 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v15i1.1384 | © 2023 Fereshteh F. Amini, Alireza A. Hidarnia, Fazlollah F. Ghofranipour, Mohammad E. Motlagh, Abdul Majid RahPima, Navvab Shamspour | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 August 2022 | Published: 23 June 2023

About the author(s)

Fereshteh F. Amini, Department of Medical Surgical, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; and Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Alireza A. Hidarnia, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Fazlollah F. Ghofranipour, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mohammad Esmaiel Motlagh, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Abdul Majid RahPima, Department of Public Policy, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch, Iran; and, Research Center for Emergency and Disaster Resilience, Red Crescent Society of Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Navvab Shamspour, Research Center for Emergency and Disaster Resilience, Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract

Both natural and man-made dangers cause bodily harm, as well as social, economic and environmental harm. In order to minimise the complications of these threats, proper training and preparedness are crucial. The purpose of this study was to look at the factors that affect how well-trained healthcare volunteers are for natural hazards in Iran. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses approach, a systematic review of literature on the factors influencing the training of healthcare volunteers in natural hazard published between 2010 and 2020 was conducted. The Google Scholar search engine, PubMed (Medline and Central), Science Direct and Web of Science databases were searched using both individual and combined key phrases. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology checklist was used to select and evaluate 592 observational and quasi-experimental articles. Finally, the study comprised 24 papers that satisfied the research criteria and made good use of good technique, sample size and adequate tools for validity and reliability. The most useful variables for disaster preparedness were job self-efficacy, strategic decision-making and quality of work-life, job performance, job motivation, knowledge, awareness and health literacy.

Contribution: To avoid calamity, a thorough training program is required. Therefore, the most crucial objectives for health education specialists are to identify the factors that determine disaster preparedness, train volunteers and provide fundamental techniques to reduce natural dangers.


Keywords

education; healthcare volunteer; preparation; natural education; natural hazard; hazard management.

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