Original Research

Effect of disaster training on knowledge regarding flood risk management amongst families with older people

Fatmah Fatmah
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 14, No 1 | a1262 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1262 | © 2022 Fatmah Fatmah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 November 2021 | Published: 18 August 2022

About the author(s)

Fatmah Fatmah, Disaster Management Program, School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia


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Abstract

The elderly population is of utmost importance amongst vulnerable populations during disasters because they experience reduced functional abilities, cognitive disturbance, dementia, weak physical conditions and various degenerative diseases. This study aimed to assess the effect of disaster preparedness training on knowledge regarding flood disaster preparedness and management in families with older people. This study was conducted using a quasi-experimental pre-post design with 30 participants in natural hazard preparedness training using purposive sampling. The results of this study showed a significant change in general knowledge on disaster and flood (12.9 and 20 points, respectively). Disaster preparedness practice was good, as reflected in actions performed before, during and after disaster. Before a flood occurs, families prepare a disaster preparedness bag for important documents as well as logistics (e.g. food) for emergencies and equipment for evacuation whilst also storing valuable goods in a safe place. During floods, families prioritise older people’s evacuation whilst seeking information about the flood through neighbours, walkie-talkies, handphones, television and radio as well as ensuring that the necessary logistics are taken care of. After the disaster, families clean their properties, provide clean water and toilet facilities for the family, check the health of family members that may be impacted by the flood and make sure that all electrical panels are safe. It is concluded that disaster training affects the knowledge of flood management in families with older people.


Keywords

disaster preparedness; flood; landslides; knowledge; older people; training

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