Original Research

Community adaptation strategies toward tidal flood: A Case study in Langsa, Indonesia

Furqan I. Aksa, Ramdan Afrian
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 14, No 1 | a1258 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1258 | © 2022 Furqan I. Aksa, Ramdan Afrian | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 November 2021 | Published: 05 December 2022

About the author(s)

Furqan I. Aksa, Department of Geography Education, Faculty of Education, University Samudra, Langsa, Indonesia
Ramdan Afrian, Department of Geography Education, Faculty of Education, University Samudra, Langsa, Indonesia


Flood risk reduction in Indonesia is primarily still focused on structural measures with limited research assessing community adaptation strategies. The response and adaptation strategies carried out by the community have been recognized as playing an important role in planning future mitigation actions. Community adaptation strategies are key factors in disaster risk reduction. This study aimed to determine the responses and adaptation strategies to manage tidal floods by the coastal community of Langsa City. An in-depth interview with village heads and officials, youth leaders and the community was performed to generate data. The results showed that the local community ignored the dangers of tidal floods and disregarded them as life-threatening. Furthermore, they carried out adaptations, such as raising the house level using wood materials and building dams along the coastline autonomously without government intervention. The adaptations were carried out through communal work referred to as ‘gotong royong’ (mutual cooperation).

Contribution: These findings highlight the importance of ‘gotong royong’ as social capital in disaster risk reduction and government attention to conduct integrated coastal area management.


hazard; disaster; community responses; tidal floods; adaption


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