Original Research

Disaster risk reduction: Integrating sustainable development goals and occupational safety and health in festival and event management

Leonie B. Louw, Elriza Esterhuyzen
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 14, No 1 | a1205 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1205 | © 2022 Leonie B. Louw, Elriza Esterhuyzen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 September 2021 | Published: 10 August 2022

About the author(s)

Leonie B. Louw, Department of Operations Management, College of Economics and Management Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Elriza Esterhuyzen, Department of Operations Management, College of Economics and Management Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa


The purpose of this article is to develop a theoretical disaster risk reduction model, creating a virtuous cycle of knowledge and action across the festival and events industry, based on occupational safety and health (OSH) strategic objectives, as informed by a systematic literature review. The main constructs of this conceptual article are explored through a systematic literature review. Sources include publications of key stakeholders in the festival and event industry, applicable global directives, strategic documents of relevant governmental and non-governmental organisations and academic publications. From the data gathered in the systematic literature review it can be surmised that sustainable development goals (SDGs) related research in tourism, festivals, events and OSH is lacking in quantity and there is room for these aspects to be addressed in future research to ensure that these fields of study make a more substantial contribution to disaster risk reduction in festival and event management. This article is limited to secondary data collected through a systematic literature review, supported by additional literature to inform a theoretical framework incorporating SDGs, disaster risk reduction and OSH strategic objectives for festivals and events. Sustainable development goals are aimed at achieving a sustainable future for all. The detrimental effect of OSH incidents can be counterproductive to achieving such goals and should therefore be closely monitored and managed. Festival and event managers should thus take cognisance of the importance of OSH through a plan of action, benchmarked against best practice, to allow for enhanced disaster risk management. This article investigates the concepts of sustainability, disaster risk reduction, OSH, events and festival management and combines the concepts in a unique manner.


disaster management; disaster risk management; sustainability; OSH; OHS; festivals; events


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