Original Research

An asset-based participatory community analysis of natural hazards in Naphuno, Greater Tzaneen Municipality, Limpopo province, South Africa

Allucia L. Shokane, Hanna Nel
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 12, No 1 | a939 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v12i1.939 | © 2020 Allucia L. Shokane, Hanna Nel | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 05 February 2020 | Published: 14 December 2020

About the author(s)

Allucia L. Shokane, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Arts, University of Zululand, Richardsbay, South Africa
Hanna Nel, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa


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Abstract

Natural hazards disrupt the daily lives of people and communities. Consequently, social workers, like any other stakeholders, deal with community predicaments arising from the effects of natural hazards. The social relief distress (SRD) programme of government utilises needs-based, top-down government-driven interventions in communities affected by natural hazards, focused on what communities lack, as opposed to what communities have. This research study involved a community that experienced natural hazards, such as flooding, hail, lightning and windstorms, which destroyed property and livelihoods during the period 2014–2015. Eight experts and 12 affected community members participated in a qualitative participatory action research analysis study between 2016 and 2017. Guided by the asset-based community development (ABCD) approach, the affected community participated in a collaborative manner in the analysis of the consequences of natural hazards within the community. Data were collected through semi-structured individual interviews and focus group discussions, and analysed thematically. The findings confirmed the traumatic effects of natural hazards, such as loss of property, crops and livestock, physical injuries and even death. The main finding established that natural hazards should be managed in a collaborative way between formal experts of natural hazards and community members through ABCD principles and methods in building resilient communities.

Keywords

natural hazards; community disaster; disaster planning; asset-based community development (ABCD); social work

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