Opinion Paper

Disaster risk reduction in Iraq

Mustafa T.M. Al-Shamsi
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 11, No 1 | a656 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v11i1.656 | © 2019 Mustafa T.M. Al-Shamsi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 April 2018 | Published: 25 February 2019

About the author(s)

Mustafa T.M. Al-Shamsi, Unit of Investigation in Emergency and Disaster, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain; and, Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, The Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium


Iraq is at risk of multiple hazards including both natural and man-made calamities. Little effort had been made before 2003 to address the disaster risk; even though many legislations enacted to provide a relief in the event of the acute crisis, they were mainly focused on the reactive response to the calamities without taking into consideration the prevention, preparedness and mitigation approach. The recent years have witnessed some positive attitude from the government and international society to develop strategies for disaster risk reduction in Iraq. Iraq for the first time has drafted a law that is distinctive for the disasters. The purpose of this article is to review the possibilities and challenges of disaster risk reduction in Iraq.


Iraq; disaster; risk; crisis; law; review


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