Original Research

Community-based approach for a flood preparedness plan in Malaysia

Nur N.M. Shariff, Zety S. Hamidi
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 11, No 1 | a598 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v11i1.598 | © 2019 Nur N.M. Shariff, Zety S. Hamidi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 December 2017 | Published: 25 February 2019

About the author(s)

Nur N.M. Shariff, Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Zety S. Hamidi, Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

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Floods have caused inevitable major disasters around the world as well as in Malaysia. This paper demonstrates that lessons can be taken from the previous flood disasters when developing an effective flood preparedness plan. As a common practice, disaster management is based on a top–down approach or is government-centred. This article attempts to highlight the significance of developing a flood preparedness plan by involving the communities affected. Qualitative analysis was adopted in order to gain in-depth insight of the communities. Two flood-prone communities were chosen: (1) Machang, Kelantan; and (2) Kuala Lipis, Pahang. There were two important things executed by the community for the preparation: (1) community-based disaster risk management; and (2) intensive mutual assistance.


flood; community-based disaster risk management; flood preparedness plan; Malaysia; disaster


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