Original Research

Information and communication technologies and gender in climate change and green economy: Situating women’s opportunities and challenges in Zambian policies and strategies

Justina Namukombo
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 8, No 3 | a243 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v8i3.243 | © 2016 Justina Namukombo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2015 | Published: 12 April 2016

About the author(s)

Justina Namukombo, Department of Political and Administrative Studies, University of Zambia, Zambia; Department of Literature and Languages, Geography and Environmental Education unit, Lusaka regional centre of expertise on education for sustainable development, Zambia, Zambia

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Zambia’s 2012 report on the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (RIO +20) identifies existing opportunities on the country’s transitioning to green economy. The RIO +20 conference of 2012 has resulted in new momentum in addressing problems of sustainable development. However, this article argues that there are practical challenges that require paying attention to, especially those involving women. The article addressed one key question: To what extent can women participate in the transitioning process to green economy in Zambia and what opportunities and challenges exists? The study used document analysis to answer the above question. National policy documents were reviewed to understand interventions on environmental management. Whilst going through the documents, the study used gender analysis frameworks (education, skills, roles in family and society, access to infrastructure) to bring out qualitative and quantitative information on women. Using suggested green economy interventions in the literature as benchmark, qualitative analysis was used to project possible participation of women in green economy activities and possible challenges to be faced. The study found that participation of women will be limited despite existing opportunities because of challenges of access to information and communication technology infrastructures, low educational levels and skills and financial constraints. As Zambia undergoes a transitioning process, these limitations should be addressed in planned green economy policies and interventions to maximise benefits.

Keywords: Green economy; Gender; Policies; Strategies; ICT; Zambia


Green economy; Gender; Policies; Strategies; ICT; Zambia


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