Original Research

Climate change adaptation strategies and production efficiency: The case of citrus farmers in the Limpopo province, South Africa

Samuel Joseph, Michael A. Antwi, Clarietta Chagwiza, Theresa T Rubhara
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 13, No 1 | a1093 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v13i1.1093 | © 2021 Samuel Joseph, Michael A. Antwi, Clarietta Chagwiza, Theresa T. Rubhara | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 January 2021 | Published: 29 November 2021

About the author(s)

Samuel Joseph, Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
Michael A. Antwi, Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
Clarietta Chagwiza, Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
Theresa T Rubhara, Department of Agriculture and Animal Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg,, South Africa


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Climate change adaptation policies and strategies have inevitably become an integral component of agricultural production on a global scale. The evaluative extent to which these adaptation techniques have influenced agricultural productivity is inherently exiguous. Citrus production in tropical regions such as South Africa, is more vulnerable to climate change as the region already experience hot and dry climate, hence the need to implement different strategies for climate change adaption in these regions. This study was designed to assess the effect of adopting the following climate change adaptation measures: planting drought resistant varieties, rainwater harvesting, planting early maturing varieties, integrated pest management (IPM) , changing fertiliser type, and applying drip irrigation to manage climate challenges on the production efficiency of citrus farmers in the Limpopo province of South Africa. The stochastic frontier production function with Cobb Douglas production functional form was used to analyse the productivity of farmers’ vis-à-vis adopted climate change strategies. A survey was conducted and data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire administered to respondents from 235 production units in the five district municipalities of Limpopo. The likelihood ratio tests for profit models showed that farmers were profit efficient considering the identified adaptation strategies. The variables that influenced profit efficiency was price of fertiliser (p < 0.010) and water cost (p < 0.010). The inefficiency model showed that besides changing fertiliser as an adaptation measure, the other adaptation strategies including IPM, water harvesting and planting drought resistant varieties did not change the profit efficiency of farmers. Therefore, the results indicate that citrus farmers can still adapt to climate change and remain profit efficient.

Keywords

climate change; adaptation strategies; stochastic frontier production function; profit efficiency; technical efficiency.

Metrics

Total abstract views: 826
Total article views: 976


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.