Original Research

Vulnerability of rural households to climate-induced shocks in Lokka Abaya district, Sidama zone, southern Ethiopia

Muluken Mekuyie
Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Vol 13, No 1 | a1051 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v13i1.1051 | © 2021 Muluken Mekuyie | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 September 2020 | Published: 25 May 2021

About the author(s)

Muluken Mekuyie, Department of General Forestry, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia


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Abstract

This study was conducted in rural communities of Lokka Abaya district, Sidama zone, southern Ethiopia to assess vulnerability status of men and women households to climate-induced shocks and stress. This article is based on household survey, focus group discussion and key informant interviews. A total of 258 smallholder farmers were selected from three villages using stratified random sampling. A combination of social, economic and environmental indicators was employed to develop the vulnerability index of each household head and estimate quantitatively that is vulnerability is estimated as a function of adaptive capacity, exposure and sensitivity of households. The results indicated that farmers had poor access to public services including access to affordable credit, market, health services and climate information. The survey revealed that droughts, floods, soil erosion, pests and diseases were climate-related challenges in the study area. Regarding vulnerability of households to climate variability, results indicated that around 8.5% and 18.2% of male- and female-headed households, respectively, were highly vulnerable whilst 41% and 45.5% of male- and female-headed households, respectively, were moderately vulnerable. The results confirmed that 37.7% and 27.3% of male- and female-headed households, respectively, were less vulnerable. The rest 12.8% men and 9% women were not vulnerable. Therefore, there is a need to enhance access to affordable credit, market, climate information, health, income diversification of farmers, soil and water conservation and afforestation of hilly areas if farmers need to be climate resilient.

Keywords

adaptive capacity; vulnerability index; exposure; drought; vulnerable households; sensitivity; rural community.

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